Karakteristik Penderita Penyakit Jantung Koroner Yang Rawat Inap Di RSUD Dr. Pirngadi Medan Tahun 2016

  • Febi Audina Sitanggang Universitas Methodist Indonesia
  • Thomson P. Nadapdap Universitas Methodist Indonesia
  • Pengarapen Tarigan Universitas Methodist Indonesia
Keywords: Coronary Heart Disease, Characteristics of Patients and Medical Record

Abstract

Background : Coronary heart disease is a disease caused by plaque accumulation in the coronary arteries of the heart. Based on the results of RISKESDAS research in 2013 coronary heart disease is in the seventh position of non-infectious disease in Indonesia. The study aims to determine the characteristics of patients with coronary heart disease who are hospitalized in Dr. Pirngadi Medan public hospital in 2016.

Methods: This research was done by using descriptive method with cross-sectional approach using secondary data from medical record of the characteristics of patients with coronary heart disease who are hospitalized in Dr. Pirngadi Medan public hospital in 2016. The population of this research was 412 patient’s data with a sample of 80 data, taken as simple random sampling by using the slovin formula. The  data analysis was done manually. 

Results: The characteristics of patients with coronary heart disease are based on the highest proportion of sociodemography : 43.75% of the age 55-64 years old, 53.75% of the male gender, 76.25% of senior high school, 47.5% does not work. The most widely experienced comorbidity 51.25% of diabetes mellitus, the complaint which suffered most by the patient is 48.75% of spreading chest pain, The ECG result which appeared most is 43.75% of ST-Depression, The result of cardiac enzyme which appeared most is 78.75% of Troponin T, and 53.75% the length of the patient treatment is 2-4 days

Conclusion: Based on this study it can be concluded that coronary heart disease patients with an average age of 55-64 years old, most often male patients, the highest education level of high school and most types of jobs do not work. The most common accompanying illness is diabetes mellitus, complaints suffered by the patient is a chest pain that spread, ECG ST-Depression, cardiac enzyme Troponin T, and the length of patient treatment is 2-4 days.

Published
2018-12-31